The tamarind is a long-lived, medium-growth bushy tree which attains a maximum crown height of 12 to 18 metres .
The crown has irregular vase-shaped outline of dense foliage.Leaves are evergreen, bright green in colour,
The branches droop from a single, central trunk as the tree matures and is often pruned in human agriculture to optimize tree density and ease of fruit harvest. At night, the leaflets close up.
The tamarind does flower, though inconspicuously, with red and yellow elongated flowers. Flowers are 2.5 cm wide with five petals borne in small racemes, yellow with orange or red streaks. Buds are pink due as the 4 sepals are pink and are lost when the flower blooms.
The tree grows well in full sun in clay, loam, sandy and acidic soil types, with a high drought and aerosol salt resistance.
The fruit of the tamarind is most commonly reserved for consumption, whether raw or cooked or prepared in some other manner, according to the regional and cultural palate. The fruit itself is an elongated-rod, 12 to 15 cm in length, and covered in a hard, brown exterior. The fleshy, juicy, acidulous pulp of the fruit is mature when coloured brown or reddish-brown. The fruit is considered ripe when the pods are easily pried open with fingers.
Tamarind is one of the staple ingredients used in Thai Cuisine, alongside chili, lemongrass and Lime.
The fruit is widely distributed in a Tamarind Paste, which is used in numerous Thai curries.
The Tawith or without seeds and then packed and sold as a paste on markets and supermarkets.
To add more taste to a Thai curry using tamarind paste, pour 3 or 4 teaspoons of water over the tamarind paste, squeeze the paste to extract the flavor and then pour into the curry.
Steep the seed in tepid water for a few hours before sowing. Sow in a shallow pot containing a mixture of seed compost and grit, just cover the seeds and keep warm, preferably with bottom heat, at 20°C for at least 3 weeks.
When shoots emerge, keep damp, in a warm light place but not in direct sunlight.
For a cooler climate it will live in a pot for several years and is easy to grow as a houseplant.This variety of Thai tamarind are well known for their sweetness over other varieties